Some see ‘biodiversity’ as a complex term. But if you break it down, it is quite simple. ‘Bio’ means ‘Life’. So biodiversity means ‘diversity of life’. The millions of different plants, animals and other species such as viruses and fungi. Each with an intrinsic value, independent of how we value them. After eons of evolution, these species have formed complex, interdependent ecosystems. For those interested to learn more about the state of biodiversity, see WWF”s Living Planet Report.
Natural capital means the value of goods & services that nature provides. From fish stocks to carbon capturing timber; from protective mangroves to forested watersheds, from beautiful coral reefs to productive soils. If we don’t build this value into our economic system, exploitation of nature leads to system collapse.
Because nature is resilient, but there are limits. Use of natural capital is only sustainable if nature is not over-exploited, but has a chance to recover. Simple really: don’t take out more than the system can regenerate, before you take some more.
Our global economy does not yet work this way. We are robbing our own ‘natural’ bank accounts. Pulling the rug from under ourselves. How can we take nature into account? This needs Long-term Government Policies. Companies can look into their own impacts and dependencies on natural capital by applying the Natural Capital Protocol.
Miriam van Gool co-authored a brochure on natural capital last year, in which several dozen (mostly small and medium sized) Dutch companies explain how they try to ‘do business with an eye to the future’. The following link will open the pdf version of this NatCap brochure. (The best way to read it is to save it on your laptop or desktop first, then open with Adobe – that way you can see and click the hyperlinks within the file.)